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This project was initially funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, as part of a $200,000 grant covering the period from May 1, 2015, to March 31, 2017.

The W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF), founded in 1930 as an independent, private foundation by breakfast cereal pioneer, Will Keith Kellogg, is among the largest philanthropic foundations in the United States. Guided by the belief that all children should have an equal opportunity to thrive, WKKF works with communities to create conditions for vulnerable children so they can realize their full potential in school, work and life.

The Kellogg Foundation is based in Battle Creek, Michigan, and works throughout the United States and internationally, as well as with sovereign tribes. Special emphasis is paid to priority places where there are high concentrations of poverty and where children face significant barriers to success. WKKF priority places in the U.S. are in Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico and New Orleans; and internationally, are in Mexico and Haiti. For more information, visit

The Employee Ownership Foundation provided a $12,000 grant to support the ongoing analysis of new waves of data as well as an expansion of the analysis to match the existing data to a dataset of ESOP companies, greatly expanding the scope of possible results. Their support allowed us to complete the 2018 update, and will enable the data matching process. The Employee Ownership Foundation is an affiliate of the ESOP Association, and its mission is to promote employee ownership.

Thank you to Charles R. Pierret, former Senior Research Economist at the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Rosella Gardecki at the Center for Human Resource Research at the Ohio State University for their help and guidance with these data.

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